Highway Through Hell: Getting Back Into CrossFit

Amity CrossFit.

Amity CrossFit in Palo Alto, Calif.

Last Friday I was reminded of why training in a CrossFit class is superior than trying to do CrossFit workouts on your own. This applies to me, anyway. I just can’t push myself as hard as I can alone than I can in a class. I thought I was getting in some pretty hard workouts on my own.  My heart rate would get above 180 and I’d be breathing fairly hard. But last Friday I joined Amity CrossFit here in my new town of Palo Alto and on Friday, Saturday and yesterday, I’ve been more properly smoked.

In fact, yesterday, near the end of a three-round met-con, I just had five wall-balls left and the 26-minute workout would be over. Just five reps. It was going to take a matter of seconds. Yet the finish of it all felt like it was hours away.

In re-joining a gym and getting back into it, I’ve had to brace myself for the fact that I might as well be starting over again. I’ve lost significant amounts of stamina, strength, power and mobility. At my first workout back to CrossFit, the coach at Amity said, “Don’t over do it in these first workouts back. Be patient with it.” His advice was a reference to that part of our ego that doesn’t want to let go of how fit we used to be. But the fact is that that level of fitness you used to have is just a fading memory. Better to  forget it and take up the beginner’s mind.

So in being a beginning CrossFitter again, these are some of the operational guidelines I am bringing to the process:

1. Focus on form. You want to walk out of the gym feeling like you maxed the workout, but I’ve really bought into the CrossFit principle of virtuosity: That you first master the movement and then bring in the intensity. If you start taking short-cuts in just trying to better your time or rep count, you’re putting yourself into a hole that is going to be much harder to fix down the line. From how you do a push-up to overhead squat technique, get the form right first and do everything you can to listen to the coaches and keep things squared away. Good coaches, like the ones I’ve been fortunate to have at Elysium and SFCF, and the one’s I’ve met at Amity CF, won’t let you do otherwise anyway, so this principle is good to keep in mind so you don’t get frustrated when they start correcting you.

2. Work through the soreness. So this past Friday the strength portion of the workout was back squats. I knew while doing them, with a weight far less than I used to be capable of, that my hamstrings were going to be on fire for a couple of days. I am anticipating all sorts of post-workout soreness as I get back into the swing of CrossFit this next month. But I recall Paul Estrada (at CrossFit Elysium) advising newcomers to CrossFit that the thing to do is just work through it: that although a particular muscle group stings from yesterday’s workout, the best thing to do to recover is to keep going to CrossFit at a regular pace. Take a day or two off after every 3-to-5 days, but don’t vanish completely.  The soreness  might be annoying during the warm-up but as you get into training it tends to recede. And through the constantly-varying nature of CrossFit, you’ll probably be doing something different anyway. In other words, just because you’re sore, there’s no reason to stop going to CrossFit until you’ve recovered through days and days of just sheer rest. Your recovery and improvement will happen by continuing to move and train (even if you have to lighten things up a bit to do it safely and smartly). “Motion is lotion,” Kelly Starrett says.

3. Hydration and diet. Just my luck I’ve started my CrossFit comeback the same day the heat wave took hold of the west coast. Each of the three workouts I’ve attended since I started back has been accompanied by temps in the mid-90s. And the coaches at Amity CrossFit have been explicit about taking care of your hydration needs. So I bring a water botter with me and spike it with a NUUN tablet to get some electrolytes in as well.

4. Work hard, but don’t go overboard. Much has been written about CrossFit and rabdomylosis, the potentially fatal condition that can strike because of too much skeletal muscle breakdown. The danger is not so much for complete newcomers to CrossFit–they tend to work their way in gradually and develop mental toughness to work harder and harder later on as the body adapts to the training. The primary danger is for someone who used to be in shape and used to consistently push themselves extremely hard. So the mind’s capacity to push through discomfort is not in tune with the out-of-shape body. From what I have learned, this is a prime target for rabdo. Yesterday was a pretty long and fairly tough met-con at Amity CrossFit: Three rounds, 400-meter run, 30 kettlebell swings and 50 wall balls. 50 wall balls following 30 kettlebell swings is a highway through hell in itself. I actually love this kind of met-con. But I kept in mind to push myself hard but don’t try and go for broke, because the reality is I’m still in my first week of CrossFit.

5. Work through the nerves. It was funny, driving to Amity CrossFit for the first workout back. I had butterflies. I think this is part of the reason the classes are so effective: They create a game-day environment and, just like in sports, you unleash more capacity in competition than you do in training. Competition anxiety seems to have a benefit here. But it’s not that much fun. I couldn’t believe how nervous I was all morning before the Friday noon workout. I took a minute to recall that, in fact, I really wasn’t on my way to any sort of game or race. It’s just exercise. Just an hour of exercise and some welcome time away from the computer. So than I chilled out a bit and was able to have some fun getting back to the gym.

T.J. Murphy is a veteran journalist, CrossFitter, and author of the upcoming book Inside the Box: How CrossFit® Shredded the Rules, Stripped Down the Gym, and Rebuilt My Body. Inside the Box is now available in your local bookstore, CrossFit gym, and from these online retailers. Please order Inside the Box today.Inside the Box a book about CrossFit by T.J. Murphy ITB 72dpi 400x600

Becoming a Supple Leopard: Book Review


(quick note: A disclaimer: one of the reasons I’ve been able to read BASL with such apparent speed–it’s nearly 400 pages and just went on sale a couple of days ago–is that I helped with the content editing in one of the final phases of the creation of the book. So I actually had a chance to read the raw contents before it was laid out into print form.)

It was the summer of 1992, and I was back from San Francisco to visit my folks in Cedar Rapids, Iowa. I was in my halcyon days as a marathoner, with a 2:38 PR, and raced year round in the those glorius intermittent spaces when I wasn’t swamp-crossing through an injury.

During that visit I was hampered by an illiotibial band problem, a sharp pain on the outside of my right knee that was hard to run through. I made an appointment to see the  physical therapist in the area that was known as a runner’s physical therapist—not just a doctor of physical therapy but a guy you also saw on the starting line of the local 10ks. In the early 1980s, when I was still in high school, I recalled seeing him hanging out with a diet Pepsi after working out at the Nautilus gym. People were always coming up to ask him for advice on how to handle their injuries, or what kind of stretches they should do.

A golden rule for the injured runner is always to see out treatment from doctors who are runners. For obvious reasons. For one, they know that just walking around OK is not enough — you want to run. As the story goes, a limping runner walks in to see their non-running physician and asks for helps, tells the tale surrounding their problem, and the doctor squints a bit before stating the stupidly obivous: Stop running.

The doctor who runs, of course, gets it, is empathetic to your woe, and tries to help you maneuver around the problem and get back on the road, back to the task of being a runner.  This golden rule is actually a “law,” in the 700-page opus, “Lore of Running,” by Dr. Tim Noakes, a combo ultra-runner/MD who writes the following in his laws governing running injury: Law 8: Never Accept As Final the Advice of a Nonrunner (MD or otherwise). 

So I was abiding by the law, seeing a physical therapist who was a fellow runner. It was the first time I had ever had an appointment with a PT so wasn’t even sure what to expect.

During the appointment, the PT began to talk about what he believed was a growing problem in the practice of modern physical therapy: relying too much on technological gadgetry. He said it was his opinion that the art of  PT  had suffered greatly PT increasingly relied on machines like ultra-sound and muscle stim. Machines had driven a wedge between the doctor and the patient, he told me. A patient comes in with an Achilles tendon problem, and he said he rarely if ever put his hands on the patient’s ankle. He just warmed up the machines and started zapping away, and told the patient to ice a lot and take Advil. That’s what he did for me: ultra sound treatment on the right knee and some talk about the stretches I should do.

I don’t claim at alll to have any real comprehension or expertise on the where the standards of physical therapy are or were. But this story of my hometown PT 20 years ago was in my mind when I first went to meet Dr. Kelly Starrett for a similar reason a couple of years ago. This time my knee seemed on the verge of complete system collapse. I sensed I was a candidate for knee replacement. (Starrett, it should be noted here, had run the Quadruple Dipsea and thereby passed Noakes test.)

Starrett never asked me where the pain was. Rather, he had me try and perform a simple knee bend at San Francisco CrossFit. From that movement, that took all of a few seconds, he apparently saw everything he needed to see. Which, I should add, struck me as completely odd. Rehab began in the next few seconds when he began to teach me how to do an air squat correctly, from foot position, to midline stability, to the path of the knees, to the loading of the correct muscles, to the correct head position, posture, how I focused my thinking, to bracing my spine. He also taught me what he called “the couch stretch,” one of the backbone mobilizations that was taught and re-taught frequently on mobilitywod.com–an incredibly painful mobilization that I was expected to hold not 10 seconds, not 20 seconds, but two rather teeth-splitting minutes for each leg.


A sticker that was on the door of Starrett’s physical therapy office.

He then spent about five more minutes  with the most high-tech device in his PT office (aka storage container), digging underneath my kneecap with the prong of a hard-rubber dog toy. While he was working he was carrying on a casual conversation with a fellow coach. I was in such pain I wanted to bite into an electric rail.

It was a brand of physical therapy that was almost exactly counter to the well-meaning PT who had worked on me back in Iowa. It’s worth noting that the Iowa PT session did exactly nothing for my injury and Starrett’s session not only sprung me free of the injury but helped me push a reset button on my health in a life-changing way.

I have brought up these stories to help make one of my key points about Starrett’s new book, “Becoming a Supple Leopard.” In Starrett’s education as a physical therapist, he brought with him his gift for a sort of X-ray vision that saw through the noise and to the deeper relationships between how we move and the results in terms of health and performance. He has synthesized his medical training with thousands of hours of coaching and thousands of hours of being an athlete with a talent for seeing and understanding the inner workings of movement. His diagnostic tool for assessing my situation, as I mentioned, was to watch how I did an air squat. What he was looking for, why, and what he determined I needed to do are thoroughly explained in the book.

Since then,  as much as I’d studied the MWOD and interviewed Starrett, and also attended his classes as San Francisco CrossFit, the 397-page vehicle that is the book has provided me a huge new level of insight in terms of how Starrett thinks and what Starrett sees. Anyone reading BASL who thinks that the push-up is just a simple Basic Training way to build your pecs and arms is going to experience a kick to the head. While most athletes and coaches who buy the book are expecting (and will get) a reference on how to assess and address specific problem areas with specific solutions–whether its an injury-thing, a range of motion limitation or a motor-control problem–my favorite chapters are the ones that layer in the way Starrett sees the movement world, like the chapter on “Midline Stabilization,” “The Laws of Torque” and the chapter on “The Tunnel.” There is also the overarching system he calls “The Movement Hiearchy.” These are the ones you notice have had an impact on you when you’re walking down the street and you see someone walking ahead of you with a brand of spine-shearing mechanics. You see it and you wince with pain at what you now know is a core-to-extremity violation.  You start seeing this stuff everywhere you go now, even though it’s been there all along. At an outdoor restaurant the other day I took a quick look around and was somewhat horrified at the way everyone was slumping at their tables.

Kelly Starrett coaching at a CrossFit Mobility certification.

Kelly Starrett coaching at a CrossFit Mobility certification.

(This experience helped me form a theory about why Starrett is legendary for the amount of coffee he drinks. He has to. He walks around a world drowning in dysfunctional movement patterns and he can’t turn off his brain. He can’t not notice it. In fact, when he watched the movie “Lincoln” he walked out of the theater so stung with the image of Daniel Day Lewis’s Lincoln hunch that he couldn’t help from replicating it, drawing the request from his wife, “Please tell me you’re not going to walk around like that all week.”).

Although it’s easy to imagine that the first generation of readers will mostly be CrossFitters, Olympic lifters and powerlifters—the lifts, rowing and kipping are some of the signature athletic movements that Starrett bores into within the book—the book will appeal to just about any coach or athlete you can think of. I am curious to see how this book impacts the physical therapy world. Again, while I know little about the working school of thought in physical therapy, I do know that the PT back in Iowa would have loved this book.

T.J. Murphy is a veteran journalist, CrossFitter, and author of the upcoming book Inside the Box: How CrossFit® Shredded the Rules, Stripped Down the Gym, and Rebuilt My Body. Inside the Box is now available in your local bookstore, CrossFit gym, and from these online retailers. Please order Inside the Box today.Inside the Box a book about CrossFit by T.J. Murphy ITB 72dpi 400x600

The Dedication and Discipline of Diane Fu


This story first appeared in Tabata Times.

In the CrossFit world, the dominant voices when it comes to specialist coaches tend to be men with personalities so old-school and brazen they somehow remind you of a mud-grizzled F-350 pickup truck. This especially applies to the weightlifting and powerlifting arenas, where heavy-duty names like Louie Simmons, Mike Burgener and Greg Everett resonate through the din. But a fresh new coaching talent is beginning to get global traction in CrossFit, a lithesome Olympic lifting specialist, just 31-years of age, with stylishly cut black hair,  known for being smitten with puppies as well as wielding a masterful sense of order and precision. If you were to pick a car this coach reminds you of, an artfully customized Mini Cooper might flash in your mind.

And then after you get to know this emerging star—a woman in a field that’s been dominated by men—and watch the speed and power of her lifting and the multiple dimensions and deep-draw of her coaching, it hits you: she’s one of those Mini Coopers super-charged up toward race-car power and speed.

One of the emerging star coaches in the CrossFit world, we’re getting to know San Francisco CrossFit’s Diane Fu.

“I thought she was just this skinny girl,” recalls Carl Paoli, creator of Gymnasticswod.com and a fellow coach at SFCF. “But she came to my first seminar ever and I saw her box squat 285 pounds.” On another occasion Paoli witnessed the skinny girl blast through a met-con. “It was two front squats at 250 pounds, followed by box jumps, about five or six rounds worth.” Later, others at the gym would notice the spare figure of Fu back-squatting 330-pounds.  “I realized, ‘She’s just a beast with these raw lifts,’” says Paoli.

But what really impressed Paoli and SFCF owners, Kelly and Juliet Starrett, is not just Fu’s surprising strength, but her coaching prowess, a skill that has Fu’s schedule completely jammed year after year.

“Diane is a fully-committed professional coach,” says Kelly Starrett, who teaches the Mobility Seminar for CrossFit, Inc and is author of the forthcoming book, “Supple Leopard.”  “Coaching is number one for her. She is the consummate teacher who brings everything she has to give in helping her athletes meet their potential. She works so incredibly hard. She is constantly learning about everything she can, improving and perfecting her work. She goes to every seminar she can, as many times as she can. She’s been to the Mobility Seminar 10 times. Each time she was working her ass off to learn everything she could.”

“One of the reasons Diane is so successful as a coach is that she’s extremely organized,” says Juliet Starrett, who first recruited Fu to become a part of the SFCF staff. “So many coaches and personal trainers fail to approach the profession with the sort of precision Diane gives to the work. And she’s there up to 12 hours a day. She’s extremely detail oriented as well as being one of the hardest working coaches we’ve ever seen.”

Although it was last month that SFCF moved from the so-called “Parking Lot of Dreams” to their new indoor facility in an historic building in the Presidio, for years Fu had been a fixture at the outdoor gym, up to 12 hours a day, coaching clients one-on-one, teaching general CrossFit classes and coaching the Olympic Lifting group that is now known as Fu Barbell. In the colder months of San Francisco, which is tends to be most months on the calendar, Fu could be seen wearing a puffy geese-down coat, so bountiful as to disguise the fact of her physical sleekness. What was equally common for regulars at the gym was the image of Fu’s workouts, where her disposition–friendly, smiling, calm and patient with her athletes–transformed and a Bruce Lee brand of intent would come over her face as she performed Olympic-lifting moves with lightning-strike speed.

But that wasn’t always the way it was. Before migrating into CrossFit, Fu worked in corporate for the fitness-center chain Bally’s, where in 2006 she had hired a new personal trainer that would later discover SFCF early on and later introduced it to his boss. Fu’s employee was Adrian Bozeman—who is now the head official at the CrossFit Games and a master teacher within the CrossFit certifications. Bozeman became a coach at SFCF, and Fu eventually joined up.

With a laugh, Fu recalls a time when Bozeman was coaching her on Olympic lifts.

“He watched me lift and then said to me, ‘You’re just so slow.’”

That would change. The myriad challenges of CrossFit appealed to Fu and her affinity for applying discipline and hard work to a plan. In addition to CrossFit classes, she sought out teachers and workouts throughout the city. “I was just trying to get a handle on things,” she says. “Kipping pull-ups, thrusters, front and back squats.”

The extracurricular work included Olympic lifting, and she began training at the Sports Palace in San Francisco with Jim Schmitz,  one of the most accomplished coaches in USA Olympic lifting history. “The ‘Dungeon,’” Fu remarks.

Although at the time Fu had progressed into being one of the top female athletes at SFCF, the Sports Palace gave her a reality check on her Oly lifting.

“I was blown away at how strong the women were,” Fu says. “Even in the lighter weight classes. I would see a 125-pound female power-cleaning double her bodyweight—for work sets.”

Eventually, Schmitz convinced Fu to take a break from CrossFit and give her full attention to weightlifting. “He told me, ‘You can always go back to CrossFit once your strong enough,’” Fu recalls. Fu went all in, dropping CrossFit and everything else and focusing squarely on lifting, eventually competing on the national level. In competition Fu would achieve a 67kg snatch and an 83kg clean and jerk, with out of competition PRs 71kg and 95kg respectively. The intensive focus, Fu says, enabled her to connect the dots in a different way, a mixture of her new education at a pure Olympic lifting gym along with the knowledge she had been gaining coaching at SFCF where Kelly Starrett was leading the staff into new lines of thinking in how position and moving between positions related to performance.

“I feel like I’ve become a bridge between two worlds,” says Fu, speaking of how she’s been able to draw from both Olympic lifting and CrossFit to the benefit of her athletes.

Christine Carosi is one of those athletes, a regular now at Fu Barbell for three years. “She’s not like some of the old-school Olympic lifting coaches where the answer is to always lift more,” Carosi says. “She has such a great eye for seeing things. She can pick out the problem quickly and see deeply into it. For example, let’s say she sees that you’re not locking out the jerks at the top. She’s bringing so much to her coaching she can tell that the problem isn’t in your elbows, it’s in your shoulders.”

Paoli agrees. “She’s innovative. She’s bringing something into CrossFit that we’ve never seen before.”

And, Carosi says, despite an overloaded coaching schedule, Fu executes the same programming that she lays out for her weightlifting athletes. “She programs for those of us who are gearing up for competition with a five-day-per-week program and she follows it too,” Carosi says, adding that Fu’s strength wow’s the whole crew.

“Diane may only have a 40-minute hole in day of coaching,” Kelly Starrett says.  “And she never lets things slide. She takes that 40 minutes and gets her training done. That’s how disciplined she is.”

It was thanks to Paoli and Kelly Starrett that a young and talented coach is being discovered globally. Frequent appearances on the MobilityWOD.com have given her exposure and–thanks to some social media advice from Paoli–she’s gaining a large following on Instagram.

What sort of advice does she have for the CrossFitter looking to improve on the Olympic lifts?

“First, find a coach,” Fu says. “New weightlifters don’t know the difference between good and bad form or what to feel. They need feedback.”

Fu adds that practice is where the magic is. “Practice often and spend more time on the snatch than the clean and jerk.”

Finally, pay additional attention to your mobility and range of motion. “If you’re lacking any corners, the weak spots will be expressed in the movement. Especially when going at full speed.”

For more, visit www.fubarbell.com or follow Diane on Instagram: @DianeFu

TJ Murphy is the author of “Inside the Box,” a runner’s journey into the CrossFit world. 

You Have a Goat? You Lucky Dog! A Discussion on CrossFit, Running and Being a Masters Athlete

Here’s a clip from the book, “Power Speed Endurance: A Skill-Based Approach to Endurance Training” by Brian MacKenzie, an encyclopedic work that organizes and explains MacKenzie’s full-spectrum skill approach to running, cycling and swimming:

The problem with endurance sports is each discipline works within a limited range of motion. Continually working within these limited ranges for extended periods of time is a huge problem, especially if you are a veteran that has done nothing but your respected sport for years on end.

Ok, quick comment: I am an example of this. I took up running and marathoning in the 1980s and since then put a solid sent on the odometer using the same limited range motor patterns to wear down the outsole rubber of many pairs of running shoes. It worked pretty well for a while, then came the injuries and the decline in performance and then more injuries. To which my high school running coach (God love him, by the way) would have barked, “You need to stretch!”

Which draws me to another clip:

The issue is not that static stretching lengthens the muscle. The issue is that stretching addresses only ONE aspect of your physiologic system—your muscle. It doesn’t attend to motor control, it doesn’t attend to the position of your joints or what’s going on at the joints. Stretching doesn’t address sliding-surface function—that critical interplay of how your skin, nerves, and musculature react with one another. However, all these things aggregate into what looks like tight musculature. And that’s why we have dealt with these problems our whole lives with a good ol’ fashioned, old-school directive of “stretch it.”

The above paragraph is from a book set to arrive on shelves in April, “Supple Leopard,” by Kelly Starrett, another encyclopedic work including a panoramic transmission of Starrett’s thought and practice when it comes to position and movement within the “unified field theory” of athletics.

Starrett teaching a mobilization at a mobility cert held at CrossFit Invictus.

Starrett teaching a mobilization at a mobility cert held at CrossFit Invictus.

In particular, Starrett is talking about how athletes limping around with various ailments from training and competition are advised to stretch, or to stretch more, or to just “stretch it out.” It’s been a blanket answer used to address complaints that crop up when human beings train hard and compete hard, and want to train harder and compete better.

Starrett makes the assertion that the reliance on this blanket prescription has, generally speaking, killed off a lot of discussion and development that could have happened. Development that would may have led to a wiser and more potent system than the throwaway fix of, “stretch it out.”

This all ties back to how Starrett likes to characterize a CrossFit box as a lab–as a place where, with good coaches watching athletes closely–issues can be identified well before they become injuries. Additionally, these issues are probably sucking the life out of an athlete’s potential. Spotted and figured out, weaknesses are considered pockets of new energy and power.

I’ve needed to be reminded that this is a critical value of CrossFit training, one that I’ve been missing out on recently because I have been letting my pride get the best of me. And this goes back to a term used often by the likes of Starrett, MacKenzie, Diane Fu (movement and Olympic lifting) and Carl Paoli (movement and gymnastics)–the word being “goat.”

Goat: In CrossFit, goats are the weaknesses you have as a CrossFitter. They are the skills you dread having to perform, because you know you aren’t very good at them, they frustrated you and you’d much rather do something you’re better at.

The term goat is fit to be used in triathlon, by the way, because many triathletes have either one or two strengths and at least one weakness. The greats, like Chrissie Wellington and Craig Alexander, have no glaring weakness and are masterful at all three disciplines. Most doing the sport have at least one goat that is nagging at their performance. This applies to some of the champions athletes as well who either have to build up a huge lead with the bike leg (because their running is lacking) or make up a huge deficit with the bike and/or run. Many triathletes end up spending more of their training time on their strengths as opposed to their goats (I’m guilty of this), because it’s more fun and your ego gets some sunshine.

MacKenzie working on a runner's mechanics at a CrossFit Endurance certification.

MacKenzie working on a runner’s mechanics at a CrossFit Endurance certification.

Triathlon has nothing on CrossFit, however, when it comes to goats. The definition of CrossFit emphasizes that the more athletic disciplines involved, the better. Triathlon is swimming, cycling and running. CrossFit is swimming, biking, running, weightlifting, gymnastics, powerlifting, jumping, throwing, rowing, and on and on. Triathlon, by the way, was the first event of the CrossFit Games in 2012, a multisport event folded into a multi-day competition involving 2 to 3 multi-sport events per day, each of these events a surprise in itself in terms of composition and arrangement.

So the point is that it would be dreamy to only have one or two goats as a CrossFitter. Like in triathlon, the best tend to be those with few weaknesses. Rich Froning, Jr., for example is just all-around good-to-great at just about everything in CrossFit. From his standpoint, there’s always room to improve, so I’m sure he thinks he has some goats. But that’s a view-from-the-mountain-type thing.

Here’s the view from a mild foothill: A quick rundown on the worst-of-the-worst when it comes to my CrossFit goats:

Clean and jerks

There are others of course, but those are the ones I am confronted by most frequently. And when it comes to these things, in general it’s not that I don’t know what to do, but limitations in my ability to get into to the proper positions is what gets in the way. And those limitations stem from my unique mobility, motor control and range of motion problems.

Let me again refer to Starrett’s fundamental declaration on the concept that “stretching” is the universal antidote to injuries, range of motion deficiencies and recovery.

The issue is not that static stretching lengthens the muscle. The issue is that stretching addresses only ONE aspect of your physiologic system—your muscle. It doesn’t attend to motor control, it doesn’t attend to the position of your joints or what’s going on at the joints. Stretching doesn’t address sliding-surface function—that critical interplay of how your skin, nerves, and musculature react with one another. However, all these things aggregate into what looks like tight musculature. And that’s why we have dealt with these problems our whole lives with a good ol’ fashioned, old-school directive of “stretch it.”

And so this is where the use of mobilization comes in for Starrett’s approach to attacking athletic problems—whether an injury-related problem or some sort of power drain that’s robbing an athlete of the full expression of their athletic capacity. The core intent of Starrett’s mobilization, as I understand it, is to look at a problem in terms of the positions you get into or can’t get into in relationship to joint stability and the flow of power, and using this analysis as a guide to what tools are appropriate in terms of making thing better. Tools to fix motor control problems or range of motion problems. The guide for analysis, relationships and the tools in the box are what’s at heart in “Supple Leopard,” and also deeply deposited into his long-running video blog at http://www.mobilitywod.com.

In my case, Starrett recently posted a piece about CrossFit training and mobility work for masters-age CrossFitters. For me, it was an invaluable read. Going to CrossFit classes four or five times per week is simply difficult to recover from. When you’re in your 40s–and I’m in my late 40s–one has to be careful not to compare a personal rate of workout recovery with that of the 20–somethings you may be working out next to.

And in particular, not effectively recovering from CrossFit workouts can make the next day’s workout all the more difficult. Not so much in terms of the strength needed, but I’ve noticed that it takes me a lot longer to warm-up. And even then, if the workout is calling for Olympic lifts, I can seem especially slow and clumsy. It’s best at these times to not look around at some of my younger cohorts, some of whom slip into these sleek, powerful and deep squat positions with apparent ease. I will get frustrated. At the same time I’ll be hearing from the coach, “You have to get deeper.” And then follows the lecture on how I have to get faster with the middle part of the lifts.

So frustrated, in fact, a couple of weeks ago, while lashing myself with a number of missed double-unders with a jumprope made out of what I would emphatically describe as razor wire, I completely lost my cool and threw the jumprope on the ground. It was like a snake that kept biting me and I wanted to stamp it dead. I’m not sure if any of my classmates saw the violent rage I was threatening my jumprope with–hopefully they were all blissfully focusing on their workouts. But it was a pretty dumb moment.

At any rate, Starrett’s post was a reminder that for Masters athletes and otherwise, as hard as it may be, you have to leave the ego out of it and address your individual situation with honesty and intelligence. Use the competitive structure of CrossFit training to your advantage but not to your self destruction. The past couple of weeks I’ve left far too many CrossFit workouts with a despairing level of frustration, and I can trace this to not being lucid with my thinking.

Here’s the clear assessment: If I’m going to mix CrossFit workouts with CrossFit Endurance workouts, I have to toggle the variables to find the jet stream of training and improvement that I wish to be in.

I have to keep in mind that it’s not just all the mileage of rolled up with the limited range of motion that MacKenzie has talked about, but it might be of some distinct impact that while I was running those miles, the calendar pages flickered by and, alas, I seemed to have aged.

For me, this means don’t worry about whether I come in last in a CrossFit workout. Use the others to keep myself honest and pushing myself in a WOD, but that’s it.

And a few other pieces of advice gathered from the coaches I’ve spoken with over the last two years.

Long, thorough warm-ups are not a matter of option. They’re required for me to start a WOD. I imagine a common mistake for newbies and Masters athletes alike is to count on the in-WOD warmup, which may last only 5 minutes. It’s just not enough to warm-up the shoulders, hips and everything else so that when you do start something like Olympic lifts, you’re at the high range of your mobility rather than just starting to get the engine going.

Follow the workout with post-workout types of mobilization. Starrett generally counsels at least 10 to 15 minutes a day for most people. For runners, especially older runners, we’re going to need two or three of these sessions a day. These sessions require using a variety of tools from the kit and really honing in on what Starrett commonly refers to as “ugly” or “nasty” areas of tissue where things are glommed up. And if you sit a lot at work all day, the sitting needs to be countered with frequent breaks from sitting and building mobilizations “into your day,” as he puts it. For example, if you’re going to be on a long phone call and are chained to your desk chair (he’s prefer you stand by the way), get a lacrosse ball under a hip and stir things up.

Tweak the variables so that the program is correctly scaled to you. Again, this was referred to in Starrett’s post about Masters-age CrossFit athletes. Variables like intensity and number of workouts per week. I’ve had a similar conversation with MacKenzie about how to properly adapt to a CrossFit Endurance program. If you blow yourself apart with a massive session of heavy deadlifts and a long met-con, and don’t effectively recover to a sufficient level before a scheduled running interval workout, you’re not training effectively.

Goats are good. This has been an underlying message in just about every interview I’ve ever conducted with Starrett, MacKenzie and Paoli: that by discovering a goat, you’re also discovering a possible stream of performance you haven’t been using. You’ve been “leaving it on the table,” they would say. CrossFit founder Greg Glassman talked about this long ago in the first days he was conducting certifications–that an argument for an athletic specialist, like a runner, CrossFit will reveal weaknesses that, if solved, will unleash a jolt of performance and potential that never would have come about through standard “sports specific” styles of training.

So rather than trying to kill jump-ropes, I realize I have to (once again) let go of my bloody ego, look at things clearly, cultivate patience and get to work. And first of all understand: goats are good. Following is the one Mobility WOD I’ve appeared on, where I learned about a tool for hamstrings.

For more info, go to http://www.mobilitywod.com and http://www.crossfitendurance.com.

SUPERSEDED Inside the Box book cover imageInside the Box: How CrossFit® Shredded the Rules, Stripped Down the Gym, and Rebuilt My Body is available from these online retailers:

Lessons From the Greats: Rich Froning’s Attitude

Recently Kelly Starrett went to spend some time working with two-time CrossFit Games champion, Rich Froning, in Froning’s hometown of Cookeville, Tenn. I asked Starrett what impressed him most about the 25-year-old coach and athlete.


Two-time CrossFit Champion, Rich Froning

“Froning is the ideal training partner,” said Starrett. “He works out with such joy and enthusiasm. He just throws himself into it with joy. Ask Rich, ‘You want to do a workout?’ and he’s like, ‘Of course! Let’s go!”

Starrett spent time working specifically with Froning to help him flesh out mobility and technique issues, tweaks designed to enable the delivery of even more power and efficiency.

What seemed to strike Starrett most was here you have inarguably one of the best CrossFit athletes in the world who is still wide open to learning and having fun playing ideas to get better and better. Contrast this image with the advanced athlete of any sport who has allowed his or her ego to get in the way of being open to criticism.

A sense of humility is a state of mind that CrossFit coaches often encourage those taking On Ramp programs during their first days in the affiliate. For Rich Froning, retaining this brand of openness, keeping the ego in check and throwing himself into workouts with joy and abandonment may be key reasons why 2013 may be his best year ever.

T.J. Murphy is a veteran journalist, CrossFitter, and author of the upcoming book Inside the Box: How CrossFit® Shredded the Rules, Stripped Down the Gym, and Rebuilt My Body. Inside the Box is now available in your local bookstore, CrossFit gym, and from these online retailers. Please order Inside the Box today.Inside the Box a book about CrossFit by T.J. Murphy ITB 72dpi 400x600

Fix the feet, fix the knees?

I have a memory of a running coach of mine, circa 1992, who watched me run and noticed that my right foot flared out when I ran, duck-foot style. He noticed the flaring and he also noticed that my left foot flared outward as well but considerably less. At the time I was running up toward 80 miles per week. We were looking at my footstrike because my training was getting snagged by an intermittent stream of minor injuries and pains. Most of them revolving around the right knee. It was clear to the coach that my duck-foot running style had something to do with the development of patella tendonitis that kept stabbing at me. I could run but it usually hurt to run. Runners are a stubborn breed—injuries are meant to be run through if at all possible.

As it was during that time, solving such a problem usually went like this: try different running shoes. Something stiffer, with more of a heel counter, and perhaps a “stability” device embedded in the midsole to brace the arch. Triple-density EVA foam rubber and torsional rigidity. These were the buzz words.

If the stability shoe didn’t work, then it was time to see the sports podiatrist. This path typically resulted in the creation of custom orthotic insoles, which weren’t exactly over-the-counter cheap. Then came the adaptation-to-the-orthotic phase, sometimes accompanied by more injuries and trips back to the podiatrist to get the orthotic tweaked. Technical running shoe stores would often have a list of shoes recommended by sports podiatrists for runners–shoes like the Avia 2050, which was on top of the list that I saw. The 2050 had a midsole with that felt about as stiff as it were cut out of plywood. Imagine the polar opposite of the Nike Free and you had the 2050.

In my case anyway, trying to fix the problem of my flaring foot did not happen by changing shoes or using insoles. The fact is I never fixed it. Until recently, that is.

Indeed, a short while back I had a one on one with Brian MacKenzie, author of “Power Speed Endurance” and the guiding force of CrossFit Endurance. MacKenzie watched me run and what did he see: Just about the same thing that my coach did 20 years ago: right foot flaring out and left foot flaring out as well but not as much.

In unison with what Kelly Starrett talks about on the Mobility WOD and also in classes at San Francisco CrossFit, Brian said something eerily simple sounding: whether standing, walking, running or doing box jumps or whatever, train the foot to be straight. The beginning of this process was awareness–by showing me video of my running form, I could see for myself how the foot was flaring out and landing at angle—even though it felt straight to me. MacKenzie then had me try running pigeon-toed. I did it. In my mind it felt as if my right foot was turned at almost a bizarre angle inward. But further video review revealed this: despite what I thought was happening, the foot was in fact still flaring a bit outward.

So per MacKenzie’s advice (and Kelly Starrett’s as well) I’ve spent the last weeks simply making a conscious effort to keep my feet straight. My girlfriend and I walked a couple of miles today to go see a movie here in San Francisco and during that walk I was spending a constant dimension of thought on keeping the feet straight and also engaging my core muscles about 25% or so.

One of the reasons I’m being so diligent about it is because it’s both been working and–here was the big surprise for me–it feels good. By keeping my feet straight and engaging the butt and core muscles my right leg is working the way it feels like it’s supposed to work. As opposed to the strange wince of weakness and pain that happens on the inside of my right knee when I land a footfall or footstrike in an outwardly angled fashion–where it feels like knee tissues are getting pinched and ground away—by keeping my foot straight the leg feels like it’s organized in such away that impact stress is dissipated into a much more powerful musculoskeletal system. This is especially noticeable when I walk or run down hills or down stairs. In fact, it’s such a noticeable difference I find myself whacking myself in the head with the thought: Good god, is this all that it really took? Just retraining my foot pattern?

MacKenzie demonstrating a simple drill to work on fixing the flaring-foot problem.

MacKenzie demonstrating a simple drill to work on fixing the flaring-foot problem.

I imagine the reason I never even considered trying to change it manually is that I figured that trying to consciously shape what I assumed was a pattern dictated by natural biomechanics would cause all sorts of problems. But here’s the dark side of that assumption: I was already plagued by “all sorts of problems.”

At any rate, that’s my experience so far. While in Iowa and then in Boston for the holidays, I went for just some good old runs for the sake of running, continuing to concentrate on my developing mechanics. Finishing runs without limps, without lingering knee pain, without damage.

For a discussion on rebuilding the feet, here’s a discussion between both Starrett and MacKenzie on the subject.